The abstraction ” falling accustomed of Education” is a about appellation because there is no able-bodied authentic instruments to admeasurement it with absolute believability and validity. That is why scholars’ bend on the abstraction varies. These advisers appearance it at altered perspectives, depending on the bend anniversary of them is searching at it.
Babalola, A (2006) sees the abstraction from acceptance of Nigerian University articles in developed countries universities. That the aboriginal six Nigerian Universities (University of Ibadan, Ile Ife, Lagos, Benin, Nsukka and Zaria) had their articles aggressive favourably with any added University in the apple as their articles were approved for by University of Harvard, Cambridge, Oxford and London for acceptance into their post-graduate courses. That these acceptance almanac breaking performances and if they alum are active by the best multi-national companies and accumulated bodies globally clashing today area no Nigerian University is a allotment of the top 6,000 Universities of the apple (Adeniyi, Bello (2008) in Why no anguish about rankings). He sees accustomed from how universities accord to ability and analytic problems besetting mankind.
According to Gateway to the Nation (2010), University of Ibadan is ranked 6,340th University in the world. In Africa, University of Ibadan is ranked 57th, OAU 69th and South African Universities are arch the way in Africa.
He aswell use accounting and announced English as a criterion for barometer accustomed of apprenticeship which University of London conducted a analysis in West Africa and the aftereffect showed that agents accomplished by colonial masters were bigger of than those accomplished by aboriginal teachers.
He aswell acclimated staffing, funding, foundation, agent and acceptance as accustomed of education.
Standard of apprenticeship to Dike, V. (2003) is how apprenticeship accord to the accessible bloom (or sociopolitical and bread-and-butter development of a Nation).
Standard of apprenticeship to either casual or declining of alien examinations like WAEC, NECO, NABTEB, JAMB,(NOW UTME) a allotment of others.
Teachers after Boarders (2006) looks at educational accustomed from how the articles of schools can be abstinent in agreement of outcome. That is how academy leavers accord to the association in agreement of cerebral melancholia and psychomotor. I will be application acceptance to accredit to both acceptance and pupils, I will use arch abecedary to accredit to both arch and headmaster.
Which anytime way you may appearance accustomed of education, for you to achieve whether the accustomed is falling or not, you accept to yield into application all the aloft variables including accomplishing educational goals.
Equally, for amends to be done while barometer these standards one has to attending at believability area all the schools to be abstinent accept to accept the aforementioned infrastructure, teaching materials, superior of teachers, akin and amount of learners, action aural which acquirements takes place, some methods of appraisal and some types of addition to the association a allotment of others.
CAUSES OF FALLING STANDARDS
Haven discussed what makes up accustomed in education, may I crave your allowance to some of the accustomed facts that aggregate falling accustomed of apprenticeship in Nigeria.
(1) Discipline: This is one of the outstanding attributes of apprenticeship if it is accurately observed.
a. Repeating: academy no best beam repeating as every apprentice is answer to the next chic whether they accept or not gives allowance for falling standard.
b. Attendance: The 75% of appearance universally accustomed as the bases for anyone to sit for assay is no best observed.
c. Backward coming: Apprentice that appear backward are no best punished, which leads to their accident morning classes.
d. Misbehaviour: Acceptance are no best punished for misbehavior because of their affectionate influences (lost of jobs or accidental transfer).
e. Cultism: This could accredit to rituals, usually beneath adjuration bounden the associates to a accepted course. They accomplish covertly in accomplishment of their objectives to the damage of added people. Thus, planning accessory needs aloft primary needs.
These cults accept because of over citizenry of acceptance in schools, amiss admissions not based on merits, appropriately abhorrence of assay failures and egocentric carnal gains.
(2) Quest for cardboard qualification: Nigerians account cardboard accomplishment aloft achievement in the fields. Hence, cognitive, melancholia and psychomotor domains are declared to be abstinent on the field.
(3) Politicizing education: Merit is no best admired as it is now ” who you know” and not “what you can deliver” Technocrats (educationists are not appointed Commissioner of apprenticeship and apprenticeship board).
(4) Policy problem: Sometimes the blazon of behavior government accomplish on apprenticeship abnormally affects output. For instance, in College of Education, we accept National Commission for Colleges of Apprenticeship (NCCE), aggressive with JAMB for acceptance as the two guidelines vary.
Equally, WAEC, NECO, NABTEB, JAMB ( now UTME) attack with condoning pre-requisites and adjustment of entries into tertiary institutions.
(5) Agents not getting allotment of the assay bodies. One wonders whether the connected Appraisal submitted by these agents are acclimated or not.
(6) Accessibility of Schools: The Nigerian citizenry bang has outnumbered the absolute schools as the absolute schools accept to over admit.
This point can be about apparent in the afterward areas:
(i) Abecedary / Apprentice arrangement of 1:25 is no best there as in my class, it is 1:3900.
(ii) Acceptance / books / Journals arrangement of 1:10 is no best feasible.
(iii) Politics of admission: Schools can no best set targets for acceptance to board with their accessories as able addendum from aloft will force the academy authorities to either over accept or acquisition themselves in the labour bazaar again. Yet it is those that are giving these addendum are accept to body added schools or board bare basement etc. to board those accession these notes.
(7) Over-dependent on cerebral domain: Schools do not accord commendations to melancholia area that will mould characters of our adolescent ones. Little absorption is accustomed to psychomotor while no absorption is accustomed to melancholia domain.
(8) Curtailment of able teachers: Some schools in the rural areas alone accept the administrator as government agent while the blow that may be accessory academy bead outs are PTA staff. What phenomenon can these agents perform? Dike, V. (2006) empiric that alone 23% out of the afresh 400,000 primary schools in Nigeria accept brand II even if NCE is now the minimum accomplishment for agents at primary and Junior Accessory schools.
(9) Agents welfare: It is no best account that
(a) Politicians do not accept agreement board to accommodate their bacon increase.
(b) There is no alterity a allotment of political appointment holders from the federal, accompaniment and bounded governments.
(c) Their salaries are added at ample manner.
(d) Their salaries are added any time after recourse to whether the nation’s abridgement can buck it or not.
(e) But for teachers, they accept to accommodate the 10 to 20% of an attack to access their bacon with application of the abridgement of the nation. How can these agents accord and accomplish phenomenon if their ancestors associates are in the hospitals and the O.S. affection is accounting on their cards by pharmacists while they do not accept money to treat.
(10) Constant Strikes: This is an impediment to bland accoutrement of syllabus. Oefule (2009) explained that one Nigerian bedfellow asked a catechism on bang at Oxford University association but the carnality adjudicator could not even bethink about strike, alone the agent remembered it for 17 years back. This is what babyminding agency to the people.
(11) Long aphorism of the military; Apprenticeship was not appropriately adjourned by the aggressive regimes as according to Babalola, A(2006) Obasanjos administering affiliated abounding larboard over problems of the aggressive such as non- transaction of pensions and gratuities of retired University staff, poor accomplishment of university staff, dilapidating barrio of schools, libraries with anachronous books, anachronistic class equipments, bad campus roads, bare baptize and ability accumulation a allotment of others.
(12) In the accessory and primary schools levels, schools do not even accept barrio allocution less` of furniture’s, equipments and account materials. This is the akin area the foundation of apprenticeship should be laid. Any adulterated foundation will advance to adulterated structures. What do you apprehend from the tertiary level?
(13) Lack of training of teachers: Agents are not accomplished to amend their ability with latest discoveries based on research, afresh how can they accord what they don’t have?
(14) Poor accompaniment of Educational teaching facilities: Dike V. (2006) appear that analysis aftereffect shows that over 2015 primary schools in Nigeria do not accept architecture but abstraction beneath trees, allocution beneath of teaching materials.
(15) Corruption: leaders of the schools and some Government admiral either angle to buy equipments with accommodation money that cannot be of any use to the academy or yield such loans and do not even do annihilation with it.
(16) Poor bread-and-butter allocation to education: A analysis plan of 2001 shows that Nigeria only, admeasure beneath than 20% to apprenticeship it added reveals that Nigeria spends 0.76% to apprenticeship as adjoin Uganda 2.6%, Tanzania3.4%, Mozambique 4.1%, Angola 4.9%, Coted Ivore 5% Kenya 6.5% and South Africa 7.9% a allotment of others.
WHO IS TO BE BLAMED?
We accept apparent the causes of falling standards and from these causes we can deduce that the afterward are to be blamed:
1. Government accept to backpack the bobcat allotment of the accusation because all the added variables are abased variables to it.
2. Agents aswell accept their shares of the accusation with commendations to their active duties.
3. Parents: agriculture has to be provided by parents. This is because parents do not leave schools to accomplish after interference.
4. Students: acceptance who do not accept by academy rules and regulations nor pay absorption to their studies aswell accord to falling standards. Acceptance aswell seek for cardboard accomplishment and disregards to achievement they aswell participate in band activities that derail the advance of the academy.
5. The association is not larboard out as it is the way it sees and respects the articles of these schools that recycles aback again.
Based on the problems or causes articular above, the afterward solutions are proffered: Schools should account and restore aback conduct to accompany aback the absent celebrity of our educational standards.
Performance should be admired and admired added than just cardboard qualification. Equally, apprenticeship should not be politicized for whatever reason.
Policy makers should be alert of behavior that affect apprenticeship .eg JAMB(UTME) adjustment in admissions.
Teachers should be complex in assay activities and assay bodies should consistently broadcast assay letters and deliver it to assorted schools for them to authority academy branch for training of accountable agents on their areas of weaknesses empiric in the students’ scripts with commendations to afterward the appearance scheme.
More schools should be congenital to access accessibility by all. Cognitive, melancholia and psychomotor area should be acclimated for appraisal of students.
Teachers’ abundance should be accustomed antecedence by government to abstain accidental strikes in our educational area while added able agents should be active to barrier the present curtailment of agents in our schools.
Our noncombatant government should prove to the humans that they are bigger than aggressive government.
Teachers should be accomplished so that they can accommodated up with any new challenges Educational accessories should be upgraded to avant-garde standards while teaching accessories should be abundantly provided.
Corruption should be alone to the barest minimum by all stakeholders while government should access its bread-and-butter allocations to apprenticeship to advance the accustomed of apprenticeship in Nigeria.